◊(Local Yarn Code "Artifact [0a71a786]")

Artifact 0a71a786ddfa9e611e526dbfd1d08aa45245b78776878bdbdd4a4e11e3cd6f3f:

#lang scribble/manual

@; Copyright (c) 2019 Joel Dueck
@; Copying and distribution of this file, with or without modification,
@; are permitted in any medium without royalty provided the copyright
@; notice and this notice are preserved.  This file is offered as-is,
@; without any warranty.

@(require "scribble-helpers.rkt")
@(require (for-label "../pollen.rkt"

@title[#:tag "pollen-rkt"]{@filepath{pollen.rkt}}

@defmodule["pollen.rkt" #:packages ()]

The file @filepath{pollen.rkt} is implicitly @code{require}d in every template and every @code{#lang
pollen} file in the project. It defines the markup for all Pollen documents, and also re-provides
everything provided by @code{crystalize.rkt}.

The @code{setup} module towards the top of the file is used as described in

@section{Defining new tags}

I use a couple of macros to define tag functions that automatically branch into other functions
depending on the current output target format. This allows me to put the format-specific tag
functions in separate files that have separate places in the dependency chain. So if only the HTML
tag functions have changed and not those for PDF, the makefile can ensure only the HTML files are

@defproc[#:kind "syntax"
 (poly-branch-tag (tag symbol?))
 (-> txexpr?)]

Defines a new function @racket[_tag] which will automatically pass all of its arguments to a
function whose name is the value returned by @racket[current-poly-target], followed by a hyphen,
followed by @racket[_tag]. So whenever the current output format is @racket['html], the function
defined by @racket[(poly-branch-tag _p)] will branch to a function named @racket[html-p]; when the
current format is @racket['pdf], it will branch to @racket[pdf-p], and so forth.

You @emph{must} define these branch functions separately, and you must define one for @emph{every}
output format included in the definition of @racket[poly-targets] in this file’s @racket[setup]
submodule. If you do not, you will get “unbound identifier” errors at expansion time.

The convention in this project is to define and provide these branch functions in separate files:
see, e.g., @filepath{tags-html.rkt}.

Functions defined with this macro @emph{do not} accept keyword arguments. If you need keyword
arguments, see @racket[poly-branch-kwargs-tag].

@defproc[#:kind "syntax"
         (poly-branch-kwargs-tag (id symbol?))
         (-> txexpr?)]

Works just like @racket[poly-branch-tag], but uses Pollen’s @racket[define-tag-function] so that
keyword arguments will automatically be parsed as X-expression attributes.

Additionally, the branch functions called from the new function must accept exactly two arguments:
a list of attributes and a list of elements.

@margin-note{The thought behind having two macros so similar is that, by cutting out handling for keyword
arguments, @racket[poly-branch-tag] could produce simpler and faster code. I have not verified if
this intuition is meaningful or correct.}

@section{Markup reference}

These are the tags that can be used in any of @italic{The Local Yarn}’s Pollen documents (articles,

@defproc[(p [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]

Wrap text in a paragraph. You almost never need to use this tag explicitly; 
just separate paragraphs by an empty line.

Single newlines within a paragraph will be replaced by spaces, allowing you to use
@ext-link["https://scott.mn/2014/02/21/semantic_linewrapping/"]{semantic line wrapping}.

@defproc[(newthought [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]

An inline style intended for the first few words of the first paragraph in a new section. Applies
a “small caps” style to the text. Any paragraph containing a @code{newthought} tag is given extra
vertical leading.

Rule of thumb: within an article, use either @code{section}/@code{subsection} or @code{newthought}
to separate sections of text, but not both. Even better, keep it consistent across articles within
a series.

If you just need small caps without affecting the paragraph, use @code{smallcaps}.

@deftogether[(@defproc[(section    [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(subsection [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?])]

Create second- and third-level headings, respectively. This is counting the article's title as the
first-level header (even if the current article has no title).

@deftogether[(@defproc[(link [link-id stringish?] [link-text xexpr?]) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(url  [link-id stringish?] [url string?]) void?])]

All hyperlinks are specified reference-style. So, to link some text, use the @code{link} tag with
an identifier, which can be a string, symbol or number. Elsewhere in the text, use @code{url} with
the same identifier to specify the URL:

  #lang pollen
  If you need help, ◊link[1]{Google it}.


The @code{url} tag for a given identifier may be placed anywhere in the document, even before it is
referenced. If you create a @code{link} for an identifier that has no corresponding @code{url},
a @code{"Missing reference: [link-id]"} message will be substituted for the URL. Conversely, 
creating a @code{url} that is never referenced will produce no output and no warnings or errors.

@deftogether[(@defproc[(fn    [fn-id stringish?]) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(fndef [fn-id stringish?] [elements xexpr?] ...) txexpr?])]

As with hyperlinks, footnotes are specified reference-style. In the output, footnotes will be
numbered according to the order in which their identifiers are referenced in the source document.


  #lang pollen
  Shoeless Joe Jackson was one of the best players of all time◊fn[1].

  ◊fndef[1]{But he might have lost the 1919 World Series on purpose.}

You can refer to a given footnote definition more than once.

The @code{fndef} for a given id may be placed anywhere in the source document, even before it is
referenced. If you create a @code{fn} reference without a corresponding @code{fndef},
a @code{"Missing footnote definition!"} message will be substituted for the footnote text.
Conversely, creating a @code{fndef} that is never referenced will produce no output, warning or

@defproc[(note [#:date date-str non-empty-string?]
               [#:author author string? ""]
               [#:author-url author-url string? ""]
               [#:disposition disp-str string? ""]) txexpr?]

Add a note to the “Further Notes” section of the article. Notes are like blog comments but are
more rare and powerful; see @wiki{Differences from blogs}.

The @code{#:date} attribute is required and must be of the form @tt{YYYY-MM-DD}.

The @code{#:author} and @code{#:author-url} attributes can be used to credit notes from other
people. If the @code{#:author} attribute is not supplied then the value of @code{default-authorname}
is used.

The @code{#:disposition} attribute is used for notes that update or alter the whole disposition of
the article. It must be a string of the form @racket[_mark _past-tense-verb], where @racket[_mark]
is a symbol suitable for use as a marker, such as * or †, and @racket[_past-tense-verb] is the word
you want used to describe the article’s current state. An article stating a metaphysical position
might later be marked “recanted”; a prophecy or prediction might be marked “fulfilled”.

#lang pollen

◊note[#:date "2019-02-19" #:disposition "✓ verified"]{I wasn’t sure, but now I am.}

If more than one note contains a @code{disposition} attribute, the one from the most recent note is
the one used.

Some caveats (for now):

  @item{Avoid defining new footnotes using @code{fndef} inside a @code{note}; these footnotes will
  be placed into the main footnote section of the article, which is probably not what you want.}

@defproc[(verse [#:title title string? ""] [#:italic? italic boolean? #f] [element xexpr?] ...)

Typeset contents as poetry, with line breaks preserved and the block centered on the longest line.
To set the whole block in italic, use @code{#:italic? #t} — otherwise, use @code{i} within the

@defproc[(blockquote [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]

Surrounds a block quotation. To cite a source, include a @code{footer} tag at the bottom.

@defproc[(blockcode [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]

Typeset contents as a block of code using a monospace font. Line breaks are preserved.

@deftogether[(@defproc[(i      [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(em     [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(b      [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(strong [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(strike [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(ol     [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(ul     [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(item   [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(sup    [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(smallcaps [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?]
              @defproc[(code   [element xexpr?] ...) txexpr?])]
Work pretty much how you’d expect.

@section{Convenience macros}

@defform[(for/s thing-id listofthings result-exprs ...)
         #:contracts ([listofthings (listof any/c)])]

A shorthand form for Pollen’s @code{for/splice} that uses far fewer brackets when you’re only
iterating through a single list.

#lang pollen

◊for/s[x '(7 8 9)]{Now once for number ◊x}

◊;Above line is shorthand for this one:
◊for/splice[[(x (in-list '(7 8 9)))]]{Now once for number ◊x}